Chapter 9

Bovine- Female Urogenital Surgery

 

 

 

9.1 Anatomy 

9.2 Surgical Conditions 

A. Vaginal Prolapse 

  • 1. First degree
  • 2. Second degree 
  • 3. Third degree 
  • 4. Fourth degree
  • 5. Vaginal prolapse vs. uterine prolapse - uterine prolapse always occur immediately post partum, not heritable, and not a recurring problem.

B. Etiology 

C. Clinical Signs

D. Treatment 

E. Vaginal Laceration

  • - occurs usually during parturition
  • - perivaginal fat and mucosa will attempt to cover area with result resembling a pedunculated tumor mass
  • - histopath - indicates granulation tissue

F. Rectovaginal Lacerations

  • - cattle - lacerations, horses - often fistulas
    • 1. Third degree perineal lacerations

G. Cesarean Section 

  • 1. Anesthesia
    • a. standing restraint
      • (1) lumbar paravetebral (distal and proximal
      • (2) inverted "L" or line infusion - paralumbar area
    • b. dorsal and/or lateral recumbency
      • (1) local line infusion
  • 2. Standing left flank caesarean section
  • 3. Ventral abdominal caesarean section

H. Urethroplasty

  • 1. Urine pooling may be corrected in the bovine as it is in the equine by the construction of a roof to extend the urethra from the urethral orifice to a point more caudal in the vestibule.

I. Ovariectomy 

9.3 Required Reading